Music Theory for Recorder: Rhythm
Reading Time Signatures
YouTube Video: Music Theory Crash Course
Explains time signatures, beats, and simple and compound meters.
Meter - Simple and Compound
Score and Audio File
Listen to the meters; not for playing along.
What are Tuplets?
YouTube Video: Basic Music Principles
Tuplets: It's Complicated
YouTube Video: 12tone
More advanced application of tuplets and polyrhythms.
YouTube Video: Drew Nobile
Defines hemiola - the shift in pulse from triple to duple meter (or vice versa) and includes examples in pieces of music ("America" from West Side Story and "Zamacueca" by José White). In this video the presenter uses the term 'straight duple' instead of the more common 'simple duple.'
YouTube Video: Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment
Defines hemiola, includes examples ("Concerto Grossi IV" by Geminiani), and describes its effect on a piece of music. Contains juggling.
A Guide to Rubato
YouTube Video: Josh Wright
The presenter approaches the subject of rubato using a Chopin waltz for solo piano, but the concepts can be adapted for both solo and ensemble recorder playing.
CHOPIN Prélude 7
CHOPIN Prélude 20
Score and Audio Files
Here are two Chopin Préludes scored with lots of rubato. The attached Sibelius scores demonstrate how intricate rubato is and how difficult it is to get a computer to sound like an ensemble of humans.