Music Theory for Recorder: Miscellaneous

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Blockis Recorder Fingerings provides an extensive collection of charts to figure out recorder fingerings.

Personal Fingering Chart


Print out this blank template for each instrument owned and record alternate fingerings for that particular instrument.  Also available is another fingering chart that shows possible fingerings for extremely high notes.


What Exactly is a Pitch

YouTube Video: Jesse Strickland

Short and simple explanations of the terms 'pitch,' 'frequency,' and 'octave.'

Why Does Music Only Use 12 Different Notes?

YouTube Video: David Bennett Piano

This excellent video is an advanced, highly technical explanation of the mathematical concepts of frequency and pitch and explains how our system of 12 notes came about.  As you continue your studies of music theory, come back to this video from time to time and it will start to make more and more sense.

Historical Pitch??

YouTube Video: Early Music Sources

This video discusses the 'historical pitch' movement and explains why some recorders are made to A=415 specifications.

The Curious History of the Clef

YouTube Video: Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment

A succinct history of the various clef signs in Western music.

Recorder Ranges and Special Clef Signs


All recorders start either on their lowest F or C and ascend two octaves + 1 note. This chart shows recorder ranges at actual concert pitch.

Bach Chorale 74 SATB at Concert Pitch


Score for Bach Chorale 74.

BACH Chorale 7 SATB

00:00 / 03:04

JANEQUIN Ce sont galants SATB

00:00 / 02:05

EAST O do not run away SSA

00:00 / 02:34

HANDEL Gavotte (Orestes)  SAB

00:00 / 01:41

"Alto Up" Exercises

PDF and MP3 Playback

The ranges of the Alto recorder and the human Alto voice are an octave apart.  Sometimes the Alto recorder is given a human Alto part to play.  The recorder player must read these notes an octave higher than written.  This file presents 4 pieces from the Play at Home Series designed as an exercise in this skill.

Reading Hymn Format

PDF, MP3 Playback, and YouTube Video: 12tone

Recorder players occasionally are asked to read from standard hymnals. This requires special sight-reading adjustments for some of the parts (see Reading Hymn Format in the Notes). As a challenge, click on "Download File" to view all 371 of Bach's Chorales in hymn format and try sight-reading a few pages for a real mental exercise! The videos in the two tiles below can be played along with and are the first of a whole series of videos of all the Chorales.

BACH Chorale 5 TBGC

00:00 / 02:39

BACH Chorale 7 TBGC

00:00 / 03:04

BACH Chorale 74 TBGC

00:00 / 02:00

BACH Chorale 117 TBGC

00:00 / 01:36

1. Aus meines Herzens Grunde

PDF and YouTube Video: Synthetic Classics

The video shows the first Chorale in Bach's 371 Chorales. This YouTube playlist containing all the Chorales can be used to play along with just as you do with the Play at Home sound files. Unfortunately, the edition of the Chorales used by the arranger for the Play at Home Series uses a different numbering system. When searching for Bach's Chorales online, it is much better to use the German titles than any of the many numbering systems.


2. Ich dank' dir, lieber Herre

PDF and YouTube Video: Andrew Remillard

This is the second Chorale in Bach's 371 Chorales.